What do we do with lithium?

Our contemporary situation finds South America, and particularly the altiplano area shared by Argentina, Bolivia and Chile, with 68% of lithium reserves in the salt pans, the easiest and most profitable to extract. .

The existence of the raw material has aroused the greed of major global companies dedicated to mining, the automotive industry, the chemical trade, advanced technologies, to achieve a decisive presence in the control and access to litiferous reserves. .

In terms of political contestation, the will to control the “future surplus” offered by the new framework of non-fossil energies in the region will be central: either it will remain outside our orbit, or the local public-social forces of production and management of new renewable technologies.

Either the energy system will be democratized, decentralized, deconcentrated and depratriarchal, favoring the production of public, community and social energy, or a new format of neo-concentrated accumulation will be implemented in the wake of the debacle of fossil combustion.

But there is more, South America can participate in value chains offering the raw materials of a socio-energy transition led on a global scale by the central countries or bet on the strengthening of its own scientific and techniques to create a green industry from the “local”. technological frontiers.

And finally, our territories will continue to be areas sacrificed for a new green colonialism o The modes of participation, management and decision-making of communities and populations with resources, whether lithium, solar, cobalt, wind or silicon, will be resolutely considered.

So, in terms of the vital creation of an emancipatory Southern narrative.

#ElFinDelLitio is a project of the Office Cône Sud of the Rosa Luxembourg Foundation, the audiovisual collective VacaBonsai, the group Geopolitics and Common Goods (GYBC) and the civil association SEDi

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