The constant work and care of the orchard is what the crop itself or the plant itself asks of you, said somewhat metaphorically or intuitively, for example, if you see that a bush has been knocked down by the wind or heavy rain, there you will raise it by tutoring it with a cane or a stick and you will tie it with a string to hold it for a few days and that it reaffirms itself on the support, it makes sense, you have to help it .
There are other tasks that must be carried out in a more or less generalized or systematic way, since it depends on them that the culture follows a continuous and favorable development.
These tasks have a specific time when they must be done, otherwise we will lose great potential in the crop and things can start to go wrong and fail, or maybe our plants are late and not giving us what we want. expect from them.
For example, the ingrate escarda; the terraces of the garden fill up with wild grasses and they must be removed, if they are allowed to grow too much and take root too much, it will be expensive, very heavy and thankless work, but if they are removed with the weeder when they are small seedlings it will be easier and less expensive to clean the orchard of our vegetable competitors.
It must be kept in mind that wild plants will surely take over since they are stronger and better equipped plants than ours; In their genes they carry within them strength and resistance, they are very hard in the face of drought and bad weather such as hail or frost.
The general tasks of the orchard are those which, due to their obvious, necessary and logical nature, prevail over the positive evolution of the culture.
You already know that plants compete for sunlight, for nutrients in the soil, and for moisture, so we’ll have to weed out competing plants that we’re not interested in.
A) Yes; Nettle serves as a trap plant for aphids and weevils and I like to leave some between crops because I have checked that they are doing better than others, they must be very rich for these insects.
The good thing is that by weeding weeds we are doing three other very important tasks at the same time; We dig the earth, stir it up and remove the surface crust from the support and the irrigation container.
You can weed with a hoe or with a weeder, it will depend on each one, but the gardener’s weeder is very practical and handy, it has the shape of a curved trident and a large and a small one for the pots come in the kits of gardening or suitcases.
Although we have cleared the wild grasses, it can happen that after a generous rain a new regrowth occurs quickly in a few days. Nothing happens, it’s completely normal since the soil accumulates a really incredible potential for seeds, it’s a real trunk of natural life, so we won’t let them grow and we will remove them by weeding again, and that is that continuous weeding will help fewer and fewer weeds to grow in the garden. If, on the contrary, we let them grow, they can throw another pile of seeds that will come out.
One more thing to put an end to weeding, I like that wild grasses proliferate around my cultivation soil for two reasons, one because I like them a lot, and the other because they will promote the crossing pollen, and although, if it is true that the air will bring me seeds, I don’t mind weeding.
The stake is a cane, a stick or simply an iron nailed vertically to the support right next to the plant, which will help keep it upright. It is tied with a string but never too tight, as this will strangle the growth of the plant,
There are several plants that I tutor, although I root them afterwards, such as tomatoes, green beans, peppers, or any other plant that needs it, such as saplings.
Depending on the plant to tutor, some may need it more than others. For example, the green bean in its two varieties, tall and short, must be tutored; without a two meter long cane the tall bean could not live because it would sprawl on the ground and rot due to irrigation water, and the same happens to the small one, without a sixty centimeter long cane well nailed to the support he would lie down and rot
I am familiar with the cucumber because later it is easier for me to hang it on the trellis, its plant alone throws its tendrils and will climb it with my help, I climb it and tie it in the order I want .
The calabash is usually placed next to fences and it climbs alone with its tendrils.
The tomato is caged in the form of a tripod, otherwise the weight of the branches and fruits would knock it over and it would be ruined, in this way we also prevent the tomatoes from being very close to mice and other voracious animals.
The pea needs a netting trellis and its tendrils are responsible for hanging on to climb. This stake is made of fifty centimeter canes nailed along the entire length of its support and a taut net is tied along its entire length.
The stake is a wonderful protection against the wind and heavy rain when the plants are small and tender, which is why many vegetables must be staked.
Dulling or pickling.
In some plants like the tomato, we will have to eliminate some excess stems that grow between the union of the main stem and the growth stems, and between these and the leaf. These remnants of stems or buds take away a lot of strength from the bush to give nothing away, they exaggerate its size, loading it with unnecessary weight.
These remaining stems are removed with a quick, firm pinch or a firm downward motion, the plant is unharmed and our little crop and our stomachs will thank you.
The pinch is simply a clean cut made at the stem. The pinching of the shoots favors the appearance of new buds, as in the case of cucumber, in which it is recommended to pinch the tips of the longest stems and thus have a better harvest.
It is done with the nails of the index finger and the thumb. The male flowers of the cucumber are also pinched because they do not give anything and the cucumbers of the female flowers can be more aggressive and recidivist or bitter. These are known because there is no knob or miniature cucumber behind them, if you look closely they look great.
The foundation is nothing more than growing the support with more soil and with it the plant or its main stem, this soil is re-supported from the irrigation vessel which over time and risks are again reduced from the support, accumulating in the vessel. Promotes new rooting of the stem.
A good example to highlight is the potato, which I like to regrow because with it more potatoes grow, I also highlight the pepper; it is simply a movement with the hoe to push the soil in two directions towards the plant, you just have to be careful not to damage the bush.
Dig and support maintenance.
Everyone knows what digging is, and I’ve said it before, but I’m repeating myself because of the importance of its effects on plants; by digging, we will dig by oxygenating the support, we will leave it spongy and permeable, the time to rebuild the support, a very important thing, in particular because of irrigation.
Well-dug soil is much better watered and you can even save water; and it is still important even though we only realize when it is lacking and we see how our plants are drying out.
We have already mentioned that in weeding, removing grass, we are doing three tasks at the same time and doing three jobs in one, but there are somewhat more demanding excavations which will have to be carried out conscientiously and with great care to not to damage the plants, and especially their roots: for this we have the hoe, a very practical tool, good and not heavy at all.
Irrigation can be provided in three ways; by flooding your irrigation glass, sprinkling water spray and drip.
The three types of irrigation are very acceptable and suitable for cultivation, but the combination of these three is the most practical, while one or the other can serve as an alternative in case of need or need.
As is logical, there are many more tasks that are carried out in the garden, but these, being more specific to each type of vegetable, will be covered in the vegetable glossary and variety by variety.