V-shaped aircraft tail reduces emissions

A team from the Polytechnic University of Madrid (UPM) calculated that if planes configured their V-shaped tails, nitrogen oxide emissions fell by almost 2%, those of C02 by more than 1 % and, in addition, 0.7% fuel is saved. Currently, queues are centered and vertical.

This observation would be positive for the sustainability of the planet and the savings for the consumer who would see the final purchase price of the ticket reduced. Today, many are resorting to quick loans to fund these unschedulable flights that are, on many occasions, not easy to afford.

Sustainable aeronautics.

The objective of this study, carried out by a UPM aircraft and drone concept design group, is to make aviation more sustainable and reduce environmental impact. In fact, they were based on the configurations that affect the queue.

The results are clear and this is published by the prestigious magazine Aerospace: the V-layout must now be seen as the future of aviation. The creation of much more efficient aircraft is compatible with the growth experienced by the sector.

Everything indicates that the most promising option, as the SINC news agency reports, is to change the configuration of the aircraft. To date, it is composed of an elongated wing and 2 stabilizers behind the fuselage, one horizontal and one vertical.

Feasibility of configurations.

Other types of configurations have already been studied, but have proven to be less viable because they involve radical modifications to the aircraft. Some of them are the 2 diamond-shaped wings (joined wing), the box-shaped closed wings (box wing) or a large fixed wing without a tail (flying wing).

For this reason, the research team tries not to make the change so abrupt that the new configuration is acceptable to the manufacturer. There is the fact of focusing only on the tail of the plane to take advantage of all the techniques and processes of the manufacturers.

The Planes and Drones Conceptual Design Group wanted to create a design in configurations that are out of the ordinary. To do this, they relied on existing certification regulations and various tools to measure the impact it would have on the emission of polluting gases and fuel consumption.

As a starting point for the investigation, a conventionally manufactured aircraft was used. In it, a conceptual design of the V-shaped tail was made and the advantages that could be obtained were examined. The authors strongly believe that this could be very promising.

For them, the most important thing is the methodology used to obtain good results. This method can be applied in unconventional glue setups and help manufacturers perform studies between different modalities for comparative purposes.

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