Is called open landfills to sites where solid waste is disposed of indiscriminately, without operational controls and with few environmental safeguards. This is the problem.
There is still a long way to go with regard to the Integral Management of Urban Solid Waste (GIRSU) in Carmen de Areco – Province of Buenos Aires where there are green points, there are people who separate the waste in detail , respecting each of the corresponding factions, and at the same time At the same time, there are neighbors who continue to throw waste of all kinds on the public road, which is not only waste that loses its ability to be reused, collected in a differentiated way for treatment, but which also generate infectious sources and threaten public health, urban hygiene and above all with the collapse of other public services such as the city’s rainwater system.
As we all know, this waste management aims to reduce the waste generated, which is an inevitable consequence of human activities, as an ideal way to reduce their associated impacts and the costs of their management, in order to minimize the potential damage caused to man and the environment.
On February 18, 2018, I published the note “The collateral damage of open landfills” in the Diario Hoy Mercedes https://www.hoymercedes.com.ar/principal/2018/02/18/el-dano- collateral-des-dumps-à-pit-ouvert/ where he writes: “Columns of thick gray smoke invade the two hands of Provincial Route 51 at the height of the city of Carmen de Areco, Province of Buenos Aires, on Next to the road is an open dump that has proliferated in recent years and is constantly engulfed in flames. At first glance, these emissions deteriorate the air quality in the area by containing particles, carbon monoxide and volatile organic compounds, in addition to affecting the visibility of drivers traveling there.
Similarly, the environmental degradation of waste results in social and economic costs such as devaluation of properties, loss of environmental quality and its effects on tourism. This implies that each municipality or province must generate national policies and programs that support appropriate management and encourage the reduction of solid waste generation, recycling and encourage the adoption of clean technologies for industrial production.
The problem is that since 2005 I have been promoting recycling in the city and I have presented proposals to the municipality regarding the issue of waste management, however, on March 14, 2022 I received the following photo where it Garbage is shown to be still being burned in the municipal landfill where a recycling plant has been built and is supposed to operate. The years pass and it seems that nothing changes.
In Argentina, the population in general does not show a culture of interest in the destination of waste, the greatest concern is the need to have a waste collection service. Once they are removed from view of the generators, for many people the problem is already solved. There is not much interest in making a significant reduction in production, as a basis for sustainable management, in order to achieve the preservation of natural resources, any more than there is interest in final elimination mechanisms.
The problem of open landfills has other associated challenges. The differentiated and controlled treatment, as part of a general strategy to promote the circular economy, not only makes it possible to reduce the volume of waste and its polluting effects, but also to strengthen the work of the people who work at the Plant. of Recycling. In turn, effective waste management avoids contamination with toxic emissions, but also allows the reuse of waste, turning it into a resource that can be reintroduced into the production system, which deserves a holistic approach.