Photovoltaic self-consumption continues to grow in Spain


The Photovoltaic self-consumption is progressing at breakneck speed in Spainas individuals and businesses increasingly choose to produce their own energy, obtained using solar panels.

Photovoltaic self-consumption allows us to produce electricity in a renewable way for our own consumption by installing photovoltaic solar panels or other renewable production systems. In other words, it is the ability of consumers to produce the electrical energy we need for our homes.

According to data recorded by the Spanish Photovoltaic Union (UNEF), photovoltaic self-consumption increased by 108% in 2022 compared to 2021 in Spain. Last year, 2,507 megawatts (MW) of new installed solar power capacity was installed in self-consumption facilities. In 2021, 1,203 megawatts (MW) of new installed capacity were installed.

Spain already has 5,249 megawatts (MW) of cumulative installed power for photovoltaic self-consumption, which is distributed among the different sectors as follows:

  • Industry: 47%
  • Residential: 32%
  • Commercial: 20%
  • Self-consumption isolated: 1%

The Spanish Photovoltaic Union (UNEF) estimates that there would be approximately 200,500 residential installations with photovoltaic self-consumption in Spain. The priority objective of the Government is to reach 14 gigawatts (GW) by 2030. If the trend continues with this upward rate of photovoltaic self-consumption, the objective will be achieved.

For this year 2023, self-consumption will continue its upward trend. In the following table we show this significant growth, which is marked by the abolition of the “Sun Tax” in 2018:

Year 2019 459 megawatts (MW) of installed capacity
year 2020 596 megawatts (MW) of installed capacity
Year 2021 1,203 megawatts (MW) of installed capacity
Year 2022 2,507 megawatts (MW) of installed capacity

Photovoltaic self-consumption continues to break records

José Donoso, director general of the Spanish Photovoltaic Union (UNEF), believes that this growth is due to high electricity prices and energy uncertainty caused after the Russian invasion of Ukraine:

The high electricity prices caused by the uncertainty caused by the Russian invasion of Ukraine, as well as the promotion of the aid envisaged under the Government’s Recovery Fund, have allowed photovoltaic self-consumption to continue to break records in our country.Jose Donoso

And he adds that collective self-consumption is on the rise:

The first collective self-consumption projects are beginning to see the light of day, a trend that will grow and further energize the sector.Jose Donoso

Spain continues to climb the ladder to be one of the countries that generates the cleanest and most competitive energy. This is possible thanks to the gradual removal of administrative barriers and local incentives:

The progressive removal of administrative barriers and local incentives have also pushed more and more individuals to become self-consumers, thus joining the fight against climate change. This generates a demonstration effect that will make self-consumption such a common element in our homes and businesses.Jose Donoso

According to the objectives set in the Self-consumption roadmappublished by the Ministry of Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge (MITECO) in 2021, Spain is moving at breakneck speed to achieve the goal of accelerating our country’s energy transition in record time.

What are the challenges of the solar energy sector?

The Spanish Photovoltaic Union (UNEF) points out that this growth in photovoltaic self-consumption in Spain shows the need for the solar energy sector to attract, train and retain professionals so that this growth trend can continue. maintain over time.

To compensate for the lack of professionals, they carry out a line of work that consists of developing a specific Training Plan and coordinated work with training centers and universities.

Sources: Ambientum Writing, EnergyNews, Spanish Photovoltaic Union

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