How to plant melons in the garden

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Melons, one of the sweetest vegetables in the garden, tell us about their characteristics, soil, irrigation, cultivation and harvest.



  • name in spanish: Cantaloupe.
  • Scientific name: Cucumis Melo.
  • Melon is classified as a fruiting vegetable and is a cucurbit. It is the sweetest vegetable in the garden and many summer after meals make us happy, it goes with almost any flavor, whether sweet or savory, even with liqueurs.

It can be said of its bush that it does not stand out for its height, but in its own right it is another real giant of the garden, with almost exaggerated dimensions, it will crawl on the ground taking up all the space it can conquer.

Plant with long stems, up to three meters or more, and large wrinkled and hairy leaves, rough and unpleasant to the touch, of intense medium green color and foliage that yellows easily.

It is an arid land plant which will survive with very little water, which will seek its roots in the subsoil.

The melon, like all fruits, is born from a yellow, delicate and humble flower which, like the rest of the plant flowers, is docile and generous when it comes to giving us its fruit.


Its ideal soil is light and a little sandy, rich in humus and it takes advantage that the pH of the soil is a little more alkaline than acid, between 6 and 6.5 will be sufficient.


Its climate and its season are typically summer, it needs a lot of heat and sun.

The most common melon support is the plank with a width of 120 cm between plank and plank, and a length that will depend on each one and the available space we have; in my case it is a terrace of five meters where I shelter two plants.


Irrigation is done when the plants are small with a small pot next to the plant, they can be watered every four or five days, but this will be required by the plant itself and its condition.

When they are big, and during very dry summers, you can help them with watering, but in a fairly distanced way because if you go too far, the melons will split on their own.

In case the plant turns yellow, it will also need to be helped with irrigation.


Planting is done directly in the hole, with a planting depth of about 4 or 5 cm, placing four or five pipes per hole.

It is recommended that the seeds or pipes remain lying and that they are thrown away when the hole has drunk all the water, then we will cover it and when they have germinated and are already plants, we will leave the best, and at the more two.


The maintenance work of the melon will consist of digging deeply to loosen the soil and oxygenate it, taking particular care of the plant since it will have to be handled and its stems raised.

Also weed the competitors and be attentive to any incidents.

As for the plant, the buds and some flowers are usually cut, when the stems already have a fruit and a maximum of two, we will cut these stems 5 cm above the fruit, this operation benefits the fruit and will also save us the place.


Their harvest is a mystery because knowing when they are ripe requires great abilities of intuition and development of hearing, smell and precision of touch.

Intuition will take care of encompassing these senses so that we can appreciate by giving it a sharp blow, like a slap, it sounds characteristic of maturity, or when we approach our nose to its skin, it smells ripe and fragrant; in this, with practice, you fail less and less.

All kidding aside, the melon is harvested in stages as it matures, and if cut with a good piece of tail or stem, it lasts longer.


Its properties are mainly food and nutritional.

Storing fresh is not good as they are short-lived and beatings do them great harm, although refrigeration and hanging on nets in dry, shady places will aid in their preservation.


Its composting is generally not good since the foliage of the plant degrades a lot and a lot of leaves break, yes, all that remains, we throw it in the heap.

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