How to plant fennel in the garden

  • name in spanish: Fennel.
  • Scientific name: Foenicullum vulgare.
  • Fennel is classified as a leaf and stem vegetable, it is an umbellifer.



Tall plant, which stretches towards the sky as if it were an enchanted fakir’s rope.

Fennel is an aromatic seasoning plant, its leaves and stems are used for this task, and at the same time a vegetable for its root stalk, which is edible and tender.

Plant with long, tender and fleshy stems, like its main stems, which in turn will grow smaller or secondary stems, and at the end of these will grow yellow flowers, forming a crown.

Fennel is spring green, warm and bright, almost devoid of barely perceptible leaves.

Its root gives off the peduncle, which is like a small branched pastille in two parts, this pastille is used fresh for salads, stews and soups, and its tender stems as a vinaigrette to season olives, fish and chicken, in short , for various types of plates.


The ideal soil for fennel will be rich in humus, so it will be necessary to provide plant matter and manure, it must be well-drained, loose and well dug soil.

Its support will depend on the crop we want to achieve, that is, if what we are going to plant is a complete terrace, we will place it in a medium furrow.

If, on the contrary, what we are looking for is to have only a few plants for domestic use, we will look for the corners of the garden where it is sunny and does not bother us. It can be put in a pot, with its stem out of the ground so that it does not get wet.


Its climate and season is from early spring to autumn, in this cycle even its seeds will have matured.


Irrigation must be moderate but constant, to maintain soil humidity, but avoiding waterlogging, as too much water would favor the proliferation of fungi. It should be watered in hot, sunny hours.


Its planting can be done by direct sowing on its support, by cuttings or with a piece of root in its support.

Being a plant that needs a lot of sun, it is a factor that we must take into account when placing it.

The planting depth is 1-2 cm, and the planting frame is 40 cm between plant and plant, and 40 cm between furrow and furrow.


The maintenance of fennel is simple, it is not a delicate plant, and indeed it can be found in the middle of the field or in the ditches of the road as a wild plant without any problem of growth.

We will dig its support to keep it loose and oxygenated, weed its competitors, we will water moderately and we will be attentive to any incidents.


We’re going to harvest it before it flowers, and it’s okay to let a plant harvest its seeds.

Almost everything is used from this plant; its tender stems and leaves to let them dry and use them as a condiment, its peduncle fresh like a vegetable, and only its hardest and woodiest parts are discarded.

Its properties are mainly food and culinary.

The plant we choose for seed, will be pulled out before the seeds turn from green to brown, then left to dry and kept tightly sealed.


The conservation of the green parts is very good, since dry and in a jar, they last a long time, but its stem must be consumed quickly because it is ephemeral.

There is no composting, the rest is burned for ashes.

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