- name in spanish: Cauliflower.
- Scientific name: Brassica oleracea.
- Cauliflower is classified as a leaf vegetable and a cauliflower.
Tall plant, with a thick, hard, slightly woody stem.
With very large light green leaves, soft to the touch, which house the pella which is its fruit, which seen from above looks like a brain and once the leaves are cut they look like trees, stunted, they are a plain yellowish white color in a shovel.
Cauliflower has a huge and deep root, it is a very demanding plant in everything, it will need a lot of nutrients, a lot of space in the ground and enough water for irrigation.
Its ideal soil must be very rich in humus, so the contributions of vegetable matter, compost and manure must be important.
The soil must be well plowed in depth and its support is the large furrow, although it can also be medium, with a good irrigation glass.
The groove will be at least 50 cm, and your glass with 30 cm will be enough.
Its climate is autumn, it is a winter vegetable, although the ice seriously harms it.
It is necessary to provide abundant and constant watering, and if it rains a lot this autumn, water a little less to avoid puddles, but do not forget that it needs a lot of humidity. It is irrigated by submersion up to the middle of the furrow.
Planting is done by nursery in a container with substrate around mid-August. Its planting frame in the tray is 5 x 5 cm and the planting depth is 1.5 to 2 cm, and in its support it is 50 cm between plant and plant in row. It is advisable to transplant them with five well-formed leaves and to make sure that they have the pella button, otherwise they will not bear fruit and it is better to reject them.
Their maintenance work will be to have the support well dug in depth and oxygenated, it is convenient after digging to pack the earth a little on the side of their trunk since they need firm ground to cling to it , it will be good to regrow and bury their main stem because it is quite heavy and it can be cut down, weeded to eliminate competitors, without neglecting the watering, without forgetting that on very cold days it is necessary to water in the hot hours.
You have to be very attentive to possible harmful worms because the cabbage butterfly will surely attack it and leave its eggs there.
Its harvest can be done in a staggered way, by taking the ripest cauliflowers, before they begin to flower; if we see them blooming at the same time, we will have to harvest them all at once.
The preservation of this cabbage is not very good because it is short-lived, so they will have to be consumed lightly, of course, refrigeration helps.
As for his seed, I buy it at the store, I don’t leave a plant for seed.
Composting cabbages, except cabbage, is very good because a lot of vegetable matter remains, which is crushed and thrown on the pile.