Propolis is a viscous and sticky substance, colored from light yellow to black through green and brown, made by bees from natural resins from the buds of trees, shrubs and grasses.
It is composed of resins and balms (50-55%), wax (25-35%), volatile oils (10%), pollen (5%), organic and mineral substances (5%)
The propolis is transported by the workers in the form of small shiny droplets lodged in the pollen baskets. Depending on the location, a colony of black bees (Apis mellifera mellifera) harvests 50 to 500g of propolis per year.
Bees use propolis to protect and seal all gaps, holes, spaces, cracks in the hive. As an antiseptic substance to mummify a putrescible foreign body which cannot be expelled from the hive. They also use propolis to spread the cells and in general the whole interior of the hive, as it provides bactericidal and antiseptic protection.
Properties and composition
Below 15º C, propolis is hard and crumbly. From 30º C, it becomes very malleable. It melts between 60 and 70º C.
Propolis is attributed with countless antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, immune system improving, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anesthetic, healing properties…
Uses of propolis
With propolis you can prepare: capsules and tablets, sweets, alcoholic extracts, glycolic extracts, soft extracts, propolis in powder, in pieces, with honey, syrups, sprays, toothpastes, mouth elixirs, creams and ointments, shampoos, natural propolis soaps, tonics, deodorants…
How to prepare propolis tincture
Propolis tincture is used as: healing, antiparasitic, tissue regenerator, anti-inflammatory, anesthetic, antipsoriatic and analgesic.
We will mix 300 grs. of pure propolis for 1 liter of 70º alcohol for food use. We let it macerate for at least 15 days, shaking it every day for at least half an hour.
Once it has macerated enough, we will filter the liquid with a coffee paper filter and we will have the 30% propolis tincture ready.
Adequate dose for your consumption
The recommended amount for adults is 7 drops three times a day and for children 3 drops three times a day, these amounts are for general preventive use. It is advisable to rest from its consumption.
Its use is not recommended in breastfeeding women because its strong flavor can pass into the milk and be rejected by the infant. If this happens, it would be enough to stop taking it.
Some people may develop allergic reactions to propolis, so use should be started with caution. Usually these people are also allergic to bee stings.
Propolis can also improve the activity of some drugs such as SINTROM, so it is essential to consult the doctor to adjust the drug dose.
Sources consulted: https://www.latiendadelapicultor.com/https://artesanamente.es/https://demielesyabejas.com/