Future heat waves will exceed human limits

PIXABAY

Heat waves will be more frequent, intense and deadly in the future due to climate change, and could even “exceed human, psychological and social limits” in regions such as the Sahel, the Horn of Africa or the South Asia, warns a report on Monday. of the UN and the Red Cross.

The study by the United Nations Office of Humanitarian Affairs and the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC) warns that many dog ​​days experienced this year in Europe, South Asia, Australia, North Africa, the United States and China are just a warning of what is to come.

“Extreme weather events, such as heat waves and floods, hit the most vulnerable, and this is particularly visible in countries suffering from hunger, conflict and poverty”underlined the UN humanitarian coordinator, Martin Griffiths, during the presentation of the report.

“To avoid the most devastating impacts, we must invest equally in adaptation and mitigation, especially in the countries most at risk”added IFRC Secretary General Jagan Chapagain.

Deadly effects of heat waves

The study warns that at the current rate, by the end of the century, heat waves could cause as many deaths as cancers or infectious diseases, especially in less developed countries. Recent heat waves that have had very deadly effects, such as the one that caused 70,000 deaths in Europe in 2003 or the one that killed 55,000 people in Russia in 2010.

“The humanitarian system is not sufficiently prepared for these waves, it is underfunded”, underlined Griffiths, who gave as an example the urgent need to increase aid to Somalia, threatened in some of its regions by famine. For Chapagain, the heat waves “Already They affect almost all regions. It is particularly palpable in Africa or Latin America, where “may cause more hunger, disease and conflict” if the international community does not react.

The report offers various solutions for this. They mainly pass through the creation early warning mechanisms hot days or support preventive programs that respond to emergencies first.

everyday remedies

Many humanitarian organizations like the Red Cross they are already applying solutions that can be useful on a daily basis. The solutions are natural thermal insulation systems for homes or arrangements for school hours. Children, along with the elderly, pregnant and lactating women, are the groups most vulnerable to illness or death related to heat waves.

According to UNICEF, 820 million children are at high risk to be exposed to heat waves. The report points out that limiting average global warming to 1.5 degrees can reduce the number of people exposed to extreme heat waves by 420 million.

Character font: EFE GREEN

Reference article: https://efeverde.com/onu-olas-calor-excederan-limites-humanos-sociales/

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