EU can speed up climate action by 10 years


The platform of environmental organizations Climate Action Network published a study on Tuesday in which it concludes that it is still possible to limit the increase in temperatures to 1.5 ºC at the end of the century and that the European Union could reach the climate neutrality in 2040, ten years ahead of schedule.

Global commitments made so far to mitigate the rise in temperatures, according to the scientific consensus, currently place the increase in a range between 2.4 and 2.7 degrees Celsius higher than before the industrial revolution, far from the 2 ºC agreed in Paris with the objective of reaching 1.5 ºC.

Accelerating climate action

“The latest scientific data shows that the 1.5°C target is still within reach and that there are several paths that can get us there”highlights the Climate Action Network (CAN, for its acronym in English) on the basis of a study “EU trajectories for 1.5 ºC: accelerating climate action to comply with the Paris Agreement”, prepared by the platform climate analysis.

The report is published before the start of final negotiations in the EU between the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council on several of the legislative proposals so that the EU will reduce by 2030 55% of its carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions compared to 1990. It is also broadcast before the opening of the climate summit on CO27 in Sharm el-Sheikh (Egypt) on 6 November.

Environmental organizations believe that reaching the 1.5 ºC target “is not a utopia” but that it will be necessary to apply “strong emission reductions by 2030”, which means increasing production capacities of renewable energy and, at the same time, save energy. “As a wealthy economy, as well as a historically important emitter, the European Union should fight for a stricter reduction of emissions », recalls the CAN.

Current EU policies would reduce emissions Rich, in addition to being a major historical emitter, the European Union should strive to achieve an additional 47% reduction in emissions by 2030, according to the report’s calculations, yet far from the 55% target set in the EU Climate Act.

Aim for a 65% reduction in 8 years

The “Repower EU” plan, designed by the European Commission after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine to quickly move away from Russian gas, it would reach 57-58% and, although the ideal target would be for the EU to achieve a range of between 66% and 77% reduction by the end of the decade, the CAN believes that a reduction of at least 65% should be aspired to. % in 2030.

They add that the bloc could achieve net zero emissions by 2040, that is, emit only the CO2 it is able to absorb on its territory. For this, the CAN proposes to accelerate the electrification of industrial processes, heating (with heat pumps) and transport (with electric vehicles) and achieve 100% renewable electricity production by 2040.

Environmentalists are also advocating the introduction of green hydrogen and synthetic fuels to decarbonize aviation and shipping and “strengthen energy efficiency and energy saving measures to reduce energy demand by up to 50% in 2050”.

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