Carnivorous plants, types and care

Contents

What are carnivorous plants

Carnivorous plants are the name used to classify species that grow endemic in nitrogen-poor areas and feed on insects, which is why they are also called insectivorous plants.

Today, many of these species are grown in nurseries for ornamental and indoor purposes.

Although they resemble each other in terms of food and some even in appearance, the different species or types of carnivorous plants obtain their food, or rather “they hunt”, since they feed on insects, protozoa and of arthropod animals, with different mechanisms, and some of them share several mechanisms.

The mechanisms carnivorous plants use to feed themselves are tweezers, sticky hairs or tentacles and traps. These traps are diverse, as in the case of pitcher plants or drop plants, through a kind of container where the prey falls, or in the case of the genus Utricularia, which has the most complex and fastest hunting mechanism. of all carnivorous plants. .

Most common species and types of carnivorous plants

There are hundreds of types and species of carnivorous plants, some of the most important or popular, as well as the most acquired being the following 3:

Dionaea muscipula or Venus flytrap

This species is known both by its scientific name Venus flytrap as by its more familiar name Venus flytrap, and is the only species in the genus Dionaea.

This carnivorous plant feeds mainly on insects and spiders.

Venus flytrap

as the aldrovanda vesicularhas a claw mechanism for feeding, very characteristic of carnivorous plants.

It catches prey and can spend more than a day directing it, stimulated by the insect’s own movements for the secretion of digestive juices. It remains closed until the prey has finished digesting, and when the digestion is complete, it opens its claws again, waiting for the next prey.

Heliamphora

Heliamphora is not a species but a genus made up of more than twenty species. They are endemic to northern South America, mainly Venezuela, Guyana and part of northern Brazil.

Heliamphora

The most important are the following species: Heliamphora chimantensis, Heliamphora ciliata, Heliamphora elongata, Heliamphora ex appendiculata, Heliamphora folliculata, Heliamphora glabra, Heliamphora heterodoxa, Heliamphora hispida, Heliamphora huberi, Heliamphora ionasi and Heliamphora ionasi.

Its flowers have a cylindrical shape that functions as a trap that attracts, traps and digests insects.

aldrovanda vesicular

The aldrovanda vesicular it is the only currently extant species of the plant genus Aldrovanda. It is a carnivorous aquatic plant native to Australia and Europe.

carnivor plants

This grass lives in fresh water and has no roots, and like the Venus flytrap It catches its prey with a sort of claw that functions as a hunting and digestion element.

carnivorous plant care

Carnivorous plant care is different from other plants. It is recommended never to wet the leaves when watering, and rather than watering, it is better to place the pot in a basin and let it act for an hour.

This process is carried out every 3 or 5 days, and you must use filtered water or a natural source. Tap water should be avoided because of the components it usually contains, such as lime and chlorine, which can be harmful to carnivorous plants.

Another thing to keep in mind is that the pot and the soil where it is planted should never be flooded as it can easily drown, so the best way to moisturize the soil is to use a pot bath.

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