Bees: characteristics, all types, their role in the world, what they feed on and some curiosities

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One of nature’s most important animals despite its size is the the bees of which we are now going to offer you all the information about their characteristics, of all types, their function in the world, what they feed on and some curiosities.

Bees: characteristics

Characteristic of bees all types their function in the world they feed on some curiosities

the bees are essential in our life. You may not believe it but thanks to them there are many flowers and plants that can be cheek and we also do not forget that they are also responsible for the elaboration of the Dear it is therefore not at all surprising that bees have been declared the most important species in the world.

The European bee, or common bee, is the specimen or type of bee that we know best. He is yellow and black, with two antennae and a stinger.

Bees are part invertebrates , class Insecta and order Hymenoptera. There are 198,000 species in this group, divided into 91 families. In bees, the roles are well defined. Thus we find 3 castes: the queen, the workers and the drones.

The Queen

The queen measures 22mm and has a lifespan of 5-7 years. Longer and darker, it feeds exclusively on royal jelly. Your paper? It spends its life laying eggs. It is fertilized once in its life by 5 to 6 drones. Then you can store up to 6 million sperm inside. After 3.5 days of gestation, the queen lays her eggs in the cells. If the egg is fertilized, it will give birth to a worker, otherwise a drone. In the spring, the queen can lay up to 1500 eggs per day! And it gives life to up to 50,000 bees in one season.

Characteristic of bees all types their function the world they feed on some curiosities


They are smaller than the queen (12mm long, with a shelf life of 56 days) and more energetic. They take care of build and clean cells, feed bee larvae and males, defend the hive and collect nectar from flowers. They begin their life by working in the hive. Then, after 3 weeks, they become collectors, being able to visit between 500 and 1000 flowers per day.


Males have no sting and a trunk too small to feed on pollen. This is why they are fed by the workers. They measure 20 mm and have a lifespan of 4 to 5 weeks. They look like a larger worker and have only one function: ensure the reading. If they manage to fertilize the queen, their genitals remain attached and they die immediately after mating.

The characteristics of bees all types their function the world some of which feed

make honey

To make honey, you need pollen and bees. Back in the hive, the bees entrust their bag of pollen to a worker, who deposits the liquid in a cell. To ripen it, the liquid is then vented through the wings of the workers. Then the water in it evaporates and the honey is ready. to keep itworkers make wax produced by glands located under the abdomen. They use it to plug the cells that contain mature honey. Honey is used to feed the developing larvae as well as to feed the colony during the winter.

Bees: all types

Characteristic of bees of all types their function in the world of which they nourish some curiosities

Bees belong to a very varied species although we can highlight nine breeds of bees used in beekeeping in the world, commonly referred to as honey bees. Some breeds are said to be pure, others are the result of crosses made by humans.

Breeds most often owe their difference to their geographical origin. Thus, among the nine races, eight are distributed in Southeast Asia. This is the ninth race, APipi Mellifera, which will interest us for the classification of the different types of bees. It is present in a large part of the European continent and on the African continent.

the Apis Mellifera most commonly found in Europe are:

the black bee

The black bee owes its name to its very dark. Also, it is enough hairy This bee is widespread in Europe. It adapts very quickly to its environment.

The black bee is appreciated mainly because:

  • small swarm
  • resists very well to winterwhich often makes it a good choice for mountain hives
  • your colony is growing well

If they are not always “chosen” by beekeepers, it is because:

– can be aggressive.– its honey production is average, perhaps because the restart of the colony in the spring is relatively slow. In addition, it has a short tongue, which prevents it from spitting out deep flowers.

the meat bee

Carnica is a very common breed in areas from southern Austria to Greece and in countries along the Adriatic Sea (former Yugoslav countries). It is widespread in Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria Physically, this bee resembles the black bee. She is tall, dark and hairy.On the other hand, it has different advantages and disadvantages.

It is appreciated for:

  • his temper. She is not aggressive, but rather gentle.
  • its winter hardiness (like the black bee).
  • their ability to start work quickly in the spring, which means that if the weather is good, it can produce honey quickly.
  • meat It is not very susceptible to diseases from which young people suffer.its long tongue allows it to search for deep flowers.


  • the meat swarms a lot.
  • is susceptible to dust mites and the disease called nosemosis (intestinal infection by which bees can fall ill especially when the winters are very long and the bees cannot go out to relieve themselves).

Characteristic bees the types operate in the world that they feed on a few curiosities

the caucasian bee

The Caucasian bee is close to the carnica. It owes its name to the regions of the Caucasus where it is widespread. She has essentially the same qualities and faults as her cousin.

soft and winterproof, with a long tongue that allows it to feed in depth. However, unlike meat, doesn’t swarm much.

As for her faults, the Caucasian is susceptible to dust mites and intestinal diseasespropolis much and develops more slowly than the other races in the spring.

the italian bee

The Italian bee is one of the most widespread in the world. for all its qualitiesis widely exported, especially in Australia and Latin America. The Italian bee owes its name to its origins. It is easily recognizable from other breeds by its predominantly yellow color.

main sound qualities they are:

  • his gentle temperament
  • grows rapidly in the spring and produces a lot of honey
  • it is very easy to produce swarms as well as to use it as a basis for the realization of breed hybrids

Disadvantages of the Italian bee:

  • is sensitive to weather conditions and struggles to survive cold winters.
  • as it develops rapidly, at the beginning of winter the colonies are important and the bees consume a lot during the winter.

The breeds above are the so-called “pure” breeds.

Between the hybrid Breeds, one of the most practiced in Europe and above all is the buckfast.

Characteristic bees of all types their function in the world that they feed on some curiosities

Buckfast the bee

This bee was artificially created in England.

beekeepers enjoy For the following reasons:

  • small swarm
  • it’s a bee worker and produces a lot of honey
  • is not aggressive
  • have a good winter and resists certain diseases

What fault we can cite the fact that the Buckfast bee is greedy during the winter so its level of production can be greatly reduced during this period.

Bees: their role in the world

Characteristic bees of all types in the world that feed on a few curiosities

We know that the two main functions of bees are to pollinate the flowers and also to make honey in the hives, but the truth is that the bee is also considered a “sentinel” of biodiversity.

Indeed, we must remain vigilant and control bee populations, because they are insects essential to the balance of our ecosystems, our agriculture and, more generally, our food security. Their role as pollinators makes them, as they say, true sentinels of biodiversity. Without pollination, the flora would be drastically reduced and this would lead to a reduction in the fauna dependent on these plants to the point of threatening us humans. Protecting bees therefore also means protecting humans.

Bees: what do they eat?

The characteristics of bees all types their role in the world they feed on curiosities

the bees feed on nectar, a sweet liquid produced by flowers It provides them with the energy they need to survive. Some species of bees can take nectar from many different plant species, while others feed exclusively on one type of flower.

Bees: some curiosities

Characteristic of bees all types their function in the world that they nourish some curiosities

Finally, some curiosities about bees that you will also want to know

The distribution of bees

Originally, bees came from Europe and Asia. But thanks to the men who took them to taste their honey, They colonized almost every continent.

Characteristic of bees all types their function in the world that they feed on some curiosities

bee communication

The 4 species of the genus Apis (Apis dorsata, Apis florea, Apis cerana, Apis mellifera) communicate dancing Therefore, they can indicate a source of pollen to their conspecifics by performing movements that resemble a dance.

bee predators

The bee has many natural predators. For example, at birds, wasps or hornets they love them very much. But there are also the pesticides, air pollution, habitat reduction.

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