A carbon negative plant opens in Turkey that converts algae into biofuel for planes and much more » El Horticultor

Europe’s first large-scale biorefinery to convert algae into fuels and feedstocks has been completed on the Black Sea coast in Istanbul.

Designed to spearhead a new “bioeconomy”, the refinery, powered entirely by wind energy, will convert species of microalgae into carbon-negative jet fuel, feedstocks, supplements and fertilizers.

They are carbon negative because algae absorb CO2 like plants do, but much faster and in much larger amounts than woody plants like trees. Once turned into products, more of this carbon removed from the atmosphere remains trapped than is released during production, making it carbon negative.

The project was jointly funded by the Turkish government and the European Union, and is just one of a series of initiatives called the INDEPENDENT project. The biorefinery, located at the Sarıtepe campus of Boğaziçi University, can process 1,200 tons of algae per year.

Reports from the refinery indicate that the algae will be used to produce jet fuel which, mixed with 5-10% fossil fuels, will power a flight from Istanbul by the end of the year.

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The plant with 1000 uses

A carbon-negative factory opens in Turkey turning seaweed into biofuel for jets and more

The coconut palm is sometimes called the tree with 1000 uses, well the seaweed is definitely the plant with 1000 uses. Seaweed supplements have been tested in Brazil and Australia as ways to reduce methane emissions from ruminants such as cattle and sheep.

Algae, as the INDEPENDIENTES project details, can also be used to absorb phosphorus and nitrogen: two normal and important agricultural inputs which, due to the erosion of topsoil by industrialized agriculture, have heavily polluted coastal resources and fresh water.

Seaweed is eaten as a vegetable in many parts of the world. Wakame and nori in particular are delicious, and when it comes to carbohydrate stores, they are much more nutritious than cereal.

Seaweed supplements are also excellent chelators or compounds that attract and remove heavy metals from the blood, such as cadmium, lead, mercury, and excess levels of less harmful metals. Other benzine-based particles, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which can be released by burning fossil fuels in power plants, car engines, or fireplaces, can also be absorbed by algae chemicals such as spirulina and chlorella before being excreted into the environment. .

Finally, synthetic fertilizers are produced with large amounts of CO2 emissions.

Non-synthetic fertilizers often come from waste fish or shellfish like oyster shells because they are high in nitrogen. Producing fertilizer from algae produced in a carbon-negative biorefinery could revolutionize the industry and bring the attention of lawmakers and environmentalists back to the real sources of emissions around the world: transportation, energy and the making.

(WATCH the video of this story below).

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